Born in 1911 in Orani, Sardinia. At 15 years old, he became the apprentice of painter Mario Delitalia. In 1931 he enrolled at ISIA of Monza (High School of Artistic Industries), where he graduated in 1936 in advertising graphics. The following year he became director of Olivetti’s Graphics Office working with his former classmate Giovanni Pintori. In 1938 he married Ruth Guggenheim, a Jewish woman and soon after they fled from Italy because of Jewish persecutions. After a brief stay in Paris, he moved to New York where he worked as art director or Interiors and Industrial Design magazine from 1941 to 1947. From the 50s, he mainly dedicated to sculpture and architectural decoration having invented the sand casting technique in 1948. He taught at the University of Harvard’s Graduate School of Design, the Columbia University’s art department, the Carpenter Center for Visual Arts, and Berkeley University. Member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Honorary member of the Dutch Royal Academy of Fine Arts. He received major awards including the certificate of excellence from the American Institute of Graphics, the silver medal from New York’s Architectural League, the Municipal Art Society’s diploma, and both the gold medal and fine arts medal from the American Institute of Architects. He died in 1988 in Long Island, New York.